Family History, Genealogy

Easy Step by Step: Scanning Old Photos

I know that the idea of scanning photos and storing them somewhere as digital files is a little overwhelming, which is why companies that digitize things like photos, sides, and home movies have become so popular. However, those services can be expensive and it makes me nervous to think about boxing up irreplaceable photos and shipping them out of state to strangers.

Scanning photos to digital copies is overwhelming at first but it’s not that hard and I promise you will be so happy that you finally got all of that stuff scanned. So, I’m here to walk you through it in excruciating detail:

(1) You need a computer, a scanner, and an external hard drive. You also need a Google Photos account (my preference) or another online photo storage account like Flickr.

You can pick your own gear out, but here are my affiliate links for the ones that I use and recommend. I’ll explain more about them in the steps below.

  • Scanner: CanoScan LiDE 220
  • External Hard Drive: Seagate 2TB Hard Drive
  • Photo Organizer Case (optional – for storing photos safely after scanning): Scrapbooking 1,600 Photo Case
  • Fireproof/Waterproof box (optional – for storing larger photos or other important photos, documents, and/or paper memorabilia): SentrySafe
  • Computer: MacBook Air (Recommended mainly because it’s lightweight and portable – good for scanning at relative’s houses or research centers. However, your current computer is likely compatible with the scanner above.)

*Little note here – some of this gear is a little pricey but I believe it’s worth the investment so you don’t lose your photos. You can quickly spend the same amount if you outsource and have someone else scan them for you. Plus, this way you retain control over your property and avoid any “lost in the mail” disasters. 

** Second little note – if you have slides to scan, these instructions won’t work. Scanning slides requires a special kind of scanner that actually beams light through the slide as it scans so that the picture is visible. If you a slide collection that you’d like to turn into digital files, check out my post about scanning slides before you continue with this one because that type of scanner is more expensive but it will work for both slides and photos whereas the one below is cheaper, easier to use, but only does photos and documents. 

Scanning Old Photos gear

The scanner I always recommend is the CanoScan LiDE 210 from Canon (affiliate link) because it’s very easy to use and it only needs to plug into your USB port for power so you don’t have to worry about finding another plug. It’s also light and thin enough to be portable and it’s easy for me to take my CanoScan and my MacBook Air to the library or to a relative’s house to make a few quick scans of something I can’t bring home.

For external hard drives, I’m not wildly picky but I usually go for ones that are 1 to 2 TB in size. Larger than that and the hard drives get bulky, smaller than that and I find myself with lots of hard drives all over my house. I would also recommend having one exclusively for photos, just because you don’t want to lose scanned photos in between work files and music files. Photos also tend to be the things that people ask you for (at least in my experience) so it makes it easier to have them all in one place when you’re hunting around.

Scanning Old Photos hard drive

(2) Start with your overwhelming pile of photos that are all different sizes.

Scanning Old Photos box of pictures

(3) Take a small handful – just enough to fit on the scanning screen.

Scanning Old Photos step one

(4) Arrange them so that the edges aren’t touching and they aren’t too close to any of the edges of the screen. Don’t worry about whether or not they are upside down – that’s easy to fix on your computer when you open the file.

Scanning Old Photos step two

(5) Plug the scanner into the USB port on your computer. Push the “scan” button on your scanner to start the process. If you haven’t downloaded the software yet, be sure to do that so your computer knows to open Image Capture when the scan button is pushed.

You only have to push the scan button the first time, to turn the scanner on. It will warm up and then do a preliminary scan (an Overview). The rest of the time, you’ll want to start by selecting Overview from the menu. This will let the scanner do a quick pass to show you what it will be scanning.

Be sure that your settings are set (and if they aren’t, just fix them and do a new Overview scan). You can mess around with the settings to fit what you’re doing, but my preferences are “Colors: Millions” “Resolution: 1,200” and “Auto Selection: Detect Separate Items”. The last setting is my favorite because it lets you scan multiple photos at the same time.

Scanning Old Photos step three

Scanning Old Photos step four

(6) After the Overview scan, the program will show dotted lines at the edges of each image to show you where it thinks you want it to scan. Most of the time it gets it right, but images with borders or white backgrounds are a little tricky so drag the lines until it captures the images you want.

Scanning Old Photos step five

(7) Once the lines are correct, hit Scan. The scanner will warm up and scan each image individually.

Scanning Old Photos step six

Once scanned, the photos will show up wherever you directed them. I put them on my desktop so I can find them easily.

Scanning Old Photos step seven

(8) At this point, your files are digitized and ready to go. Unfortunately, if you’re doing a ton of them you probably won’t want to leave them on the computer because they’ll pile up and slow things down. So, you’ll want to move them to storage and I would say choose at least two different methods so you don’t lose it all if something fails.

First, move your files to Google Photos (or you can use a different online photo service, but if you do you might want to skip down a bit). To upload them, just open your Google Photos account and drag your files onto the screen. Google automatically adds them.

Scanning Old Photos step eight

Scanning Old Photos step nine

You then have the option of creating an album or making a new one. I prefer to put all of the photos into one album with the date that I scanned them and then sort them out later. The great thing about Google Photos is that you can reorganize them easily and you can also add comments to say where the photos was taken and who is in it, etc. Plus, it’s the easiest way to share them.

Scanning Old Photos step ten

Scanning Old Photos step eleven

Scanning Old Photos step twelve

(9) After you’ve uploaded the photos to an online photo storage system, move on to putting them on your external hard drive. Locate it and set up a folder for the photos. Again, I like to use the date just because it’s easiest.

Scanning Old Photos step thirteen

I do usually have two folders because there are occasionally photos that won’t upload to Google Photos because they’re too big. You probably won’t have to do this, but I did tell you I’d show you in excruciating detail.

Scanning Old Photos step fourteen

Scanning Old Photos step fifteen

Drag the photos to that folder and you’re done! If you get an error that you already have a file with that name, you can usually use the option to Keep Both and Apply to All. If it just says Skip (and not Keep Both) try selecting and moving a smaller number of files. Sometimes it gets picky if you’re moving more than two or three.

Scanning Old Photos step sixteen

Once the files are in there, you’re set! You can drag the files off of your desktop (or wherever they originally scanned to on your computer) and put them in the trash so they don’t take up storage space. You now have them saved online and to your dedicated photos external hard drive.

Obviously, the perks of having digitized photos are many, but I mostly love that I can share them easily and that I can blow up super small photos and turn them into larger prints for gifts. I also use Photoshop to fix things like scratches and rips or to color correct faded photos before using online album services to make photo books.

Another way to share family photos is to set up a profile on, which allows you to assign photos to certain people and make them searchable. I always get excited when I find photos other people have uploaded that I’ve never seen before, so I like to contribute to that service.

You can also share them on Facebook, although if you have a ton I would recommend either setting up an album and sharing them all at once or setting up a private group and only adding people who would be interested. I’ve had my feed clogged before by someone who has hit a sudden genealogy bend and I have to admit that other people’s family photos can get a little tiresome if you’re just skimming your Timeline.

Plus, family Facebook groups are helpful if you don’t know who everyone in the photos is!

Feeling inspired yet? I hope so! It’s such a rewarding project and a really nice thing to take on for relatives who don’t want to dig all their old photo books out.

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